Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Location: Chengalpattu District

Area:481 sq.KM

Uniqueness:It is the 2nd largest brackish water lagoon in India after Chilka lake in Orissa.

Flora:It is seen that mangrove opllen is found on Sriharikota island indicating their existence some years back. Loss of mangroves may be one of the resons hastening siltation, reducing biodiversity and hence depriving fisherfolk of their livelihood.

Fauna:Among the most spectacular is the flamingo-a tall gaunt, white-coloured bird with a touch of pink on the wings, pink beak and legs, seen feeding in shallow water. The squat, large-billed grey pelican with gular pouch and a number of ducks are commonly seen. Flocks of sea gulls and terns circling in the sky or bobbing up and down on the water are an added attraction at pulicat. Besides, there are a number of waterside birds and waders such as curlews, stilts, plovers, sand pipers, lapwings, redshank. Egrets, herons, kites etc. are some other birds found here.

Accessibility:Nearest City: Chennai (90 km away). Nearest Town: Ponneri (19 km way) Transport: Bus services from Chennai.

Accommodation:Forest Rest House with 2 suites available for stay.

Season:November – February

Contact:Wildlife Warden, 259 Anna Salai, DMS compound, Teynampet. Chennai 600 006

Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Virdhunagar District

Area:480 sq.KM

Uniqueness:This sanctuary is contiguous to Periyar Tiger Reserve on the South western side and the Megamalai Reserve Forest on the north western side and Its southern limit is contiguous with the Sivagiri Reserved Forst of Tirunelveli Forest Division.

Flora:The sanctuary has a wide range of habitats – from the higher elevation Upper Montane forests and grasslands, mid elevation Wet Evergreen, Semi Evergreen, Moist Deciduous, Open Deciduous, Closed Deciduous forests and grasslands with scrub jungles in the foot hills. The floral diversity is extremely rich owing to the different types of forest formations due to the altitudinal gradient and rainfall patterns. The sanctuary has one Medicinal Plant Conservation Area (MPCA) located at Thaniparai.

Fauna:There is a wide range of herbivores, carnivores and omnivores in the Grizzled Squirrel Sanctuary. Resident and migrating elephants are common. The other important animals are Tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Nilgiri tahr, Spotted deer, Barking deer, Sambar, Wild-boar, Porcupine, Nilgiri langur, Lion-tailed macaque, Common langur, Slender lorris, Bonnet macaque, Sloth bear, Indian Giant Squirrel and Flying Squirrel.

Accessibility:Sirvilliputhur is accessible form Madurai & Tirunelveli. From Madurai – 100 KM, From Tirunelveli – 98KM. Nearest Railway Station: Madurai, Tirunelveli. Nearest Airports – Madurai (100KM).

Accommodation:Nearest towns are Rajapalayam and Srivilliputhru. Good lodges are available


Contact:Wildlife warden,7 & 8 Valaikulam Street. Srivilliputtur- 626 125

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Location: Thiruvarur district

Area:45 ha.

Uniqueness:The Sanctuary is home to variety of migratory water birds like Coot, Grey Heron, White Ibis, Open bill Storks, Night Heron and Purple Heron.

Flora:The Sacntuary?s diverse habitat includes lily patches, reed brakes, aquatic grass, etc.

Fauna:Birds start arriving the sanctuary from September onwards. Bird population peaks during November- December upto 10000 birds congregate during peak season. A notable aspect of the Sanctuary is regular congregation of a large number of Openbill storks during February ? March

Accessibility:The nearest town Muthupet is situated 6 kms from the Sanctuary. The sanctuary can be approached from Tiruvaur (65 kma) and from Thanjavur (68 kms) by road. The nearest railway station Muthupet is located 6 kms from the Sanctuary.Nearest Railway Station: Thiruvarur (55 KM). Nearest Airport: Trichy (110 KM).

Accommodation:Accomodation is available in PWD Rest House and private lodges in Muthupet (6 km). Hotels with modern facilities are available in Thiruvarur (55 km.)

Season:The best time to visit the sanctuary is during November

Contact:Wildlife Warden, Point Calimere WLS, Collectorate, Nagapattinam 611 002, District Nagapattinam.

Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary

Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary

Location: Thiruvarur district

Area:1.28 sq.km

Uniqueness:Created in July 1999, the Sanctuary attracts more than 40 species of water birds like Ibis, Painted stork, Grey pelican, Pintail, Cormorant, Teals, Herons etc..
The Sanctuary is a large irrigation tank which receives water from Mettur dam especially from the northeast monsoon from August to December. It remains dry from April to August.


Fauna:The sanctuary is a favourite flyaway spot for migratory birds and has recorded congregation upto 20000 birds in November. The ideal time to visit the sanctuary is November ? December when congregation of migratory birds is maximum.

Accessibility:About 75 KM from Trichy and 25 KM from Thanjavur

Accommodation:Available in private hotels and lodges in Thanjavur (25 km)

Season:The best time to visit the sanctuary is during November to December.

Contact:Wildlife Warden, Point Calimere WLS, Collectorate, Nagapattinam 611 002, District Nagapattinam.

Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary

Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary

Location: Toothukudi Revenue District

Area:16.41 sq. km

Uniqueness:Vallanadu is the southernmost place in India where a natural population of Blackbuck exists.

Flora:The forest type available here in the sanctuary area is 6A/DSI that is Southern Thorn Scrub . The species composition as furnished below is mostly of thorny hardwood and xerophytes. Dalbergia multiflora, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia latronum, Acacia planifrons, Albizia amara, Zizyphus Species and a few Azadirachta indica, Dodonia viscosa, Carissa carandus, Pterolobium indicum and Euphorbia Acalypha fruticosa, Ocimum sanctum, species form the under growth.

Fauna:Black buck, Monkeys, Wild cat, Mongoose, Black naped Hare, Scaly Ant eater- Pangolin, Viper, Rat snake, Peacock, Heron, Stork, Grey partridges,Jungle Craws, Common quails, Pied crested cuckoo, Crested hawk eagle, Black winged kite, Curlew, Lapwing, Nightjar, Sparrows, Horned owl,and other nearly 100 species of birds are found in the area.

Accessibility:From Tirunelveli 16 KM. From Tuticorin 38 KM. Nearest Railway Station – Tirunelveli 16 KM. Nearest Airport Tuticorin District 25 KM.

Accommodation:The important town in the vicinity of the Sanctuary is Tirunelveli, which has all facilities for hotel accommodation etc. Frequent bus and taxi services are also available from Thoothukudi to Tirunelveli. Government Circuit House is available at Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi. Tamil Nadu Tourist House also available at Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi.


Contact:District Forest Officer. Collectorate complex. Tirunelveli-8

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Location: Chengalpet District

Area:30 ha.

Uniqueness:Vedanthangal birds sanctuary is one of the smallest and oldest in the country with a unique history. The local people have been protecting the sanctuary for centuries now because they have realized that the bird droppings falling into the tank increases nitrogen content of the water and when used to irrigate crop increases the yield greatly and saves the cost of fertilizers.

Flora:The rain fed Vedanthangal tank is dry through much of the summer. An earthen embankment along its western precincts impounds the water when the tank begins to fill in August. It donot support permanent water plants.The Barringtonia trees at the edges and the center of the tank supports the nests and are scenes of hectic activity. Their crowns, looking like leafy green islands in the water serve as nesting platforms and perch-sites.

Fauna:One of the first birds to arrive at Vedanthal are Openbilled storks and breed twice during the same season before leaving the sanctuary.Egrets,Spot billed pelican, Painted stork, Great cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Darter, Eurasian spoonbill, Asian openbill, Black-headed Ibis, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Great Egret.are seen in large numbers. Some of the other commonly seen waterfowl are the white ibis, night heron, darter, pond heron and ducks like Comb duck, pintails, common teals, dabchick, shoveller,black-winged stilt, little stilt, red shank, sand piper, ringed plover, curlew etc., and arboreal birds like parakeets, babblers, mynas, barbets, bee-eater, rollers, cuckoos onoles, drongos etc., and raptors such as blck winged kite, Brahminy kite, short-toed eagle, pariah kite etc., are seen in Vedanthangal . Mammals seen here are Jackal, Jungle Cat, Wild Boar, Black-naped Hare.

Accessibility:Distance by road: Chengelput 34 km, Mamallapuram 45 km, Chennai 82 km. towards the south west and is approached by NH 45.

Accommodation:One Forest Rest House available at site

Season:November to April

Contact:Wildlife Warden, 259 Anna Salai, DMS compound, Teynampet. Chennai 600 006.

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

Location: Erode District

Area:77.185 ha.

Uniqueness:The Vellode Birds Sanctuary is a storage tank and as such there are no forests in this tank. The main vegetation of the sanctuary consists of Acacia nilotica plantation.The other tree species present in the sanctuary includes Azadirachta indica, Palmyra and eucalyptus plantation all along the bund and profuse growth of Prosopis juliflora.

Flora:The Vellode Birds Sanctuary is visited by large number of resident and migratory bird species. The migratory birds start arriving to the Sanctuary at the onset of the Northeast monsoon. The Sanctuary become an ideal habitat for the birds, because of the availability of abundant feed in the tank and in the neighbouring agricultural fields and plenty of trees for perching and nesting. There are abundant fishes and other aquatic organism present in the tank, which form part of food for many resident birds.

Fauna:This sanctuary is situated 12 km away from Erode toward Chennimalai main road and is easily accessible by road Erode is 12 km and Chennimalai is 14 km. ON Erode-Chennimalai road from Mettupalayam, a diversion road towards North to a distance of 1 km takes you to this sanctuary.


Accommodation:November to April


Contact:District forest officer. Roja nagar, Erode-4.

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