Koyana National Park

Koyana Wildlife Sanctuary

Koyana Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Satara District

Area:423.55 sq.kms

Uniqueness:Koyana wildlife sanctuary includes Eastern and Western catchments of Koyana dam, which is a major hydro-electric project center in the western Maharashtra. The Sanctuary is well protected by the large extent of Shivasagar reservoir and steep Slopes of western Ghats on both the sides. This protected area is connected by a vegetal cover corridor of Chandoli and Radhanagari wildlife sanctuaries in south. The average altitute is 897 M. above MSL. The mean annual rainfall is 5500 mm.

Flora:The forest types are southern tropical evergreen forests and southern moist mixed deciduous forest.Dominant species are Anjani, Jambul, Hirda, Awala, Pisa, Ain, Kinjal, Amba, Kumbha, Bhoma, Chandala, Katak, Nana, Umbar, Jambha, Gela, Bibba etc.. Karvi is found almost all over the area. Climbers such as Shikekai, Garambi are quite frequent. Shrubs species and Medicinal plants such as Karvand, Vagati, Ranmiri, Tamalpati, Toran, Dhayati, Kadipatta, Narkya, Murudsheng, etc. with small quantity of Bamboo are also found Quite a large no. of ephemerals, bulbs of seasonal plants are found.

Fauna:The sanctuary shelters Tigers(2), Panthers(14), Gaurs(220-250), sloth bears(70-80), Sambars(160-175), Barking deer(180-200), Mouse deer, Dholes, Giant Squirrels, Otters, Common langoors, pythons and Cobras. A unique species such as Bufo koyanansis has only habitat in this protected area.Accessibility:Nearest Airport: Kolhapur (65km.), By Rail: Kolhapur (60km.), By Road: Radhanagari is 55 km. from Kolhapur on Kolhapur-Deogarh state highway.

Accommodation:Irrigation department rest house, 20 Suites, Ex. Engineer, Koyana, Pophali, Ratnagiri.


Contact:Deputy Conservator of Forests, Wildlife, Bindu chowk, Ganji Galli, Kolhapur. 416 002 India

Malvan Marine Sanctuary

Malvan Marine Sanctuary

Location: Malvan Taluka of Sindhudurg district

Area:29.22 sq. kms

Uniqueness:Area is rich in coral and marine life. Beautiful coast of Malvan with golden sands and Casuarinas plantations is feast to eyes. Traditional life of fishermen can also be observed. Famous Sindhdurg fort, built by Shivaji Maharaj is located with in sanctuary area.


Fauna:The marine flora and fauna here pertain to sea anemones, mollusks, polychaetes, pearl oyster, corals, and seaweed.

Accessibility:Nearest airport: Goa (145 kms.), By Rail: Kudal (28kms.) on Mumbai- Goa (Konkan Railways) is provides ideal rail connection. By Road: Regular private and Government buses are available from Mumbai (450kms.), Pune (400 Kms.), Kolhapur (100 kms.), Panaji ( 130 kms) for Malvan.

Accommodation:The sanctuary has Akeri Rest Houses of the Forest Department with 2 suites each. The reservation authority is Dy.C.F., Sawantwadi. Government rest house is available at Malvan, which is under Public works department, having reservation office at Malvan. Private lodges and hotels at reasonable rates are available at Malvan.

Season:All the year

Contact:Deputy Conservator of Forests, Sawantwadi Forest Division, Sawantwadi Maharashtra India.

Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Tehsil Baramati, District Pune

Area:5.14 Sq. Kms


Flora:The sanctuary consist of dry deciduous scrub forest with interspersed grasslands. The main species are Acacia catechu (Khair), Acacia sp. (Hivar), Dalbergia latifolia (Sisoo), Ziziphus mauritiana (Ber), Carissa opaca (Karwand), Alysicarpus bupleurifolius, Cyathocline purpurea, Eriocauion diane, Merremia emarginata, Cucumis melo, Cyperus kyllingia, Striga densiflora, Mareilea minuta.

Fauna:The main species are Gazelia bennetti (Chinkara), Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena), Canis lupus (Wolf), Vulpes bengalensis (Indian Fox).

Accessibility:Nearest Airport: Pune (72 Kms.), By Rail: Daund (35 Kms.) near Pune. By Road: Supe (within one Km.)

Accommodation:No accommodation / camp facility is available within sanctuary area however in Supe town ordinary hotels are available. Forest department is making camping (tents) facility within sanctuary area.

Season:August to January

Contact:Deputy Conservator of Forests, Wildlife, Western Region, New P.M.T. Building, Swargate, Shankarshet Road, Pune 411042 Maharashtra, India

Melghat Tiger Reserve

Melghat Tiger Reserve

Location: Gavilgarh hill

Area:597.23 Sq Kms

Uniqueness:It is a prime habitat of the tiger. The forest is tropical dry deciduous in nature, dominated by teak Tectona grandis. The Reserve is a catchment area for five major rivers viz. Khandu, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga and Dolar, all of which are tributaries of the river Tapti. The northeastern boundary of the Reserve is marked by the Tapti river. Melghat is the prime biodiversity repository of the state.

Flora:Teak is the predominant tree species.The common associated are Lagerstroemia parviflora, Lannea coromandelica, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia tomentosa, Anogeissus latifolia and Oujenia oojeinesis. Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus ) is wide spread.

Fauna:Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild dog, Jackal, Sambar, Gaur, Barking deer, Nilgai, Cheetal, Chousinga, Ratel, Flying Squirrel, Wild boar, Langur, Rhesus monkey, Porcupine, Pangolin, Mouse deer, Python, Otter, Caracal, Black napped hare.

Accessibility:Nearest airport is Akola (150 km), while nearest railway station is Badnera (110 km). Nearest bus depot is in Amravathi (100 km). Accommodation is available at Chikhaldara.

Accommodation:Harshwardhan Resort is located at Chikaldhara (Maharashtra, India), a Hill Station (3800 ft above sea level) located at 86 kms from Amravati and 250 kms from Nagpur, Aurangabad and Indore.

Season:December to June

Contact:Field Director. Melghat Tiger Reserve Camp Road, Amravati-444602, Maharashtra

Nandur Mahyameshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Nandur Mahyameshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Nasik districtArea:N/AUniqueness:Nandur Madhyameshwar stone pick up weir was constructed in 1907-13 on the river Godavari just below the confluence of Kodwa and Goadavari rivers. The water released from Gandapur and Darana water reservoirs upstream is stored at Nandur Madhyameshwar and subsequently released from here through canals to further places through canals for irrigation. As such the water level is always fluctuating in Nandur Madhyameshwar lake. Annually lot of silts and organic matter carried away with water flow is accumulated in the lake as such islands and shallow water ponds have been created which has created water ponds, having biological enriched conditions by which aquatic vegetation has been established. These are 23 small lakes. Thus site has turned into good wetland habitat aptly described as ‘Bharatpur of Maharashtra.Flora:In totality nearly 460 species of plants have been recorded along with 80 species of aquatic plant. The latter includes – Ipomea fistula, Ipomea aquatica, Hygrophila auriculate, Phylanodiflora, Polygonum plebeium, Rumex dentatus, Hydrilla verticulata, Vallisneria spiralis, Eichhornia, Typha angustata etc. Babul, Neem, Tamarind, Jamun, Maharukh, Vilayati chinch, Mango, Pangara Nilgiri etc. The surrounding areas and galphera are intensively cultivated for wheat, Jowar, Sugarcane, Vegetables etc. Fauna:Nearly 24 species of fishes have been recorded in the reservior including Ompok Maculatus, Puntius Gawa Mullya. So far more than 230 species of birds are recorded from this area out of which 80 species are migratory.
Migratory: White stork, Glossy ibis, Spoonbills, Flamigo, Goose Brahminy duck, Pintails, Mallard, Wigeon, Gargenery shoveller, Pochardds, Cranes Shanks, Curlews, Pratincole wagtails, Godwits, Weavers etc.
Resident: Black ibis, spotbills, Teals, little grabe, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, Stork, Kites, Vultures, Buzzards, Harriers, Osprey, quails, Patridges, Eagles, waterhens, Sandpipe, Swifts, Grey hornbill, Peafowl etc.
Animals: Ottar, Palm civet, Fishing cat, Jackal, Mangoose, Wolves and many species of snakes etc are available. Accessibility:Nearest Airport: Aurangabad (180 Kms.), (Mumbai 225 Kms.), By Rail: Niphad is small station on Mumbai-Bhusaval railway line. Niphad to Khangaon Thadi 12 Kms. By Road: From Nasik – Chandoriphata – Saikheda – Khangaon Thadi – 40 Kms.Accommodation:There are two suite rest house at Khangaon Thadi for which reservation is to be done in advance from Executive engineer, Irrigation, Nasik district, Nasik. For wooden boats, guides etc. Asst. Conservator of forest RFO Nandur Madhyameshwar sanctuary has to be contacted either at Nasik or Khangaon Thadi.Season:December to FebruaryContact:ACF (WL) Nandur Madhmeshwar, “Kale Bhuvan” plot No. 71514, Opposite H.P.T.College, College Road, Nasik, 432005, Maharashtra, India.

Naygaon Mayur Wildlife Sanctuary

Naygaon Mayur Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Beed District


Uniqueness:The terrain of the forest area is hilly in the central plateau region. The patches of scrub forest, plantation blocks, grassland and blanks are scattered throughout the area. Vegetation include stunted growth of Chinch, Jamun, Sitafal, Tender Neem, Sandalwood, Ficus Species etc. Lantana, Karwand, Bor, Lokhandi etc. dominant in shrub cover. Plantation area has thickness of glyric dia. Kusali grasses have extensive patches.

Flora:Vegetation includes stunted growth of Chinch, Jamun, Sitafal, Tender Neem, Sandalwood, Ficus Species etc. Lantana, Karwand, Bor, Lokhandi etc. dominant in shrub cover.

Fauna:Wolf, Fox, Hyena, Porcupine, Palm Civet, Jungle Cat, Pea fowls, Black hair are seen in much larger numbers all over the area.

Accessibility:Nearest Airport: Aurangabad (155 kms.). By Rail: Nearest railhead is Borsi (98 Kms.) By Road: From Beed the sanctuary is 20 kms on Beed-Nagar road.

Accommodation:Presently facilities for camping is not available with in sanctuary area. However the area is easily approachable from Beed, Paithan, Ahemadnagar, Osmanabad and Aurangabad.

Season:June to October

Contact:Range Forest officer, (wildlife), Naygaon Mayur, Mandhane Hospital, Court Road, Paithan Osmanabad

Pench Tiger Reserve

Pench Tiger Reserve

Location: Nagpur

Area:758 Sq. kms

Uniqueness:Famous as the setting for Rudyard Kipling?s Jungle Book, Pench Tiger Reserve has a great ecological significance as it represents the floral and faunal wealth of Satpura-Maikal hill range. The Reserve is rich in natural features like Nagdeo Pahadi, Ambakhori Waterfall (Seasonal), Totaladoh Dam, Maghdoot Jalashaya (Pond), Out Fall (Gawali Ghat) etc.

Flora:It is blessed with forests spread in all the direction. As per the physiognomy, the forest type is southern tropical dry deciduous teak and southern tropical mixed deciduous forest with other species of shrubs, trees and climbers. Teak and its associates moyan, mahua, mokha, skiras, tendu, bija, achar, garari, aonla, ghont, baranga, amaltas, kihamali, khair, palas. Bamboo occurs sparsely, restricted to some valley.

Fauna:The Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and a number of endangered species have made it their habitat. There are 25 tigers under this umbrella of the Park. 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and over 170 varieties of birds have already been listed. Apart from mammals and other land-based wildlife, the park is also rich in bird life. According to an estimation of the wildlife authorities, the bird population in the park counts to be over 210 species like barbets, bulbul, minivets orioles, wagtails, munias, mynas, waterfowls and blue kingfishers.

Accessibility:Nearest Airport:- Nagpur Airport , Nearest Railway Station:- Nagpur Railway Station

Accommodation:There many hotels in Pench. One can have a good stay at jungle camps and resorts here. The facility offered is the finest with good food and ambiance.

Season:October to June

Contact:Field Director, Pench Tiger Reserve, Near Govt. Printing Press, Zero Miles, Civil Lines, Nagpur-440001

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