Kanyakumari National Park

Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary

Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Kanyakumari District

Area:402.4 sq.km


Flora:In precipitous localities, bordering Tirunelveli district, especially around Upper Kodayar Bentinckia conddappana, known as Hill arecanut, an interesting endemic palm occurs. Along the depressions Arenga wightii and Poanaca docksonii, two other palms, are found in plenty . The former yields a highly intoxicating toddy, which is much sought after by tribals.

Fauna:Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur or Hanuman Langur, Nilgiri Langur, Slender Loris, Tiger, Leopard or Panther, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Mangoose, Jackal, Indian Fox, Dhole or Indian Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Otter, Large Brown Flying Squirrel, Flying Fox, Indian Gaint Squirrel, Indian Porcupine, India Hare, Indian Elephant, Gaur or India Bison, Nilgiri Tahr, Chital or spoted Deer, Black Buck or Indian Antelope, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mousse Deer or India Chevrotain, Wild Boar, Pangolin

Accessibility:Road: Nagerkoil / Kanniyakumari is well connected by buses. Railway :Nagerkoil / Kanyakumari is well connected by train. Nearest airport is Trivandrum (67KM from Nagercoil).

Accommodation:In the hill region the rainfall is uniformly distributed in both monsoons and maximum rainfall occurs during October and November


Contact:District Forest Officer, Kanyakumari Division, 175, College Road, unicipality Campus, Nagercoil 629 001

Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary

Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary

Location: Perambalur district

Area:321 Sq. KM

Uniqueness:Spread over 454 ha, the sanctuary attracts about 90 species of water birds. A total of 188 species of birds have been recorded in the sanctuary.


Fauna:Important water birds visiting the sanctuary includes the high flying Barheaded Goose, long migrants like White stork and White necked Stork, Grey Pelican, Ibis. Sixteen species of Ducks and twenty three Species of Waders have been recorded in the sanctuary. Birds start arriving in November and stay on till May. Population of migratory birds is maximum in the month of January. Upto 50000 birds have been recorded visiting the sanctuary during peak season. Important land birds visiting sanctuary include the Rosy Pastor, Peregrine Falcon, Osprey, Marsh Harrier, Tawny Eagle, etc., Nearly 100 species of land birds have been recorded in the sanctuary.

Accessibility:The sanctuary is located 50 km from Trichy and 35 km from Thanjavur. The nearest township Ariyalur is situated 12 km from the sanctuary.

Accommodation:Accomodation is available in private hotels and lodges in Thanjavur (35 km) and Trichy (50 km)

Season:December to January

Contact:Wildlife Warden, Point Calimere WLS, Collectorate, Nagapattinam 611 002, District Nagapattinam

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

Location: Tirunelveli district

Area:1.29 sq.km

Uniqueness:Koonthankulam Birds Sanctuary is a unique sanctuary actively protected and managed by the Koonthakulam village community. The largest breeding water bird reserve in south India attracts more than one lakh birs annually

Flora:The Babul plantation of 30 ha. in koonthakulam is th emain breeding ground.

Fauna:More than 43 species of resident and migratory water birds visit here every year. More than 100,000 migratory birds start coming by December and fly away to their northern homes by June or July after they lay and hatch eggs and the young ones mature enough to fly with the older ones.

Accessibility:Bus : Tirunelveli — 35 kms. Nazareth — 15 kms. Railway : Tirunelveli — 35 kms. Airport : Madurai ? 200 kms. Trivandrum — 250 kms

Accommodation:A Dormitary is constructed

Season:November to April


Melselvanur-Keelselvanur Bird Sanctuary

Melselvanur-Keelselvanur Bird Sanctuary

Location: Ramanathapuram district

Area:593.08 ha


Flora:Majority of its area is now invaded and covered with prospis thickets. The Acacia nilotica plantation situated in the area is the nesting site for Migratory birds.

Fauna:Pelicans, Painted Storks, Open billed Storks, White ibis, Spoon bills and Egrets regularly nest in the sanctuary. This sanctuary is considered to be the best heronry site in Ramanathapuram district. The vegetation of the tank is dominated by Prosopis in few locations with babul and on the boundaries with tamarind trees.

Accessibility:The sanctuary is only approachable by road and is 130 Kms. away from Madurai . The nearest towns are Sayalkudi (12 Km.), Kadaladi (15 Km.), Mudukulathur (27 Km.) & Ramanathapuram (45 Km.). The nearest raialway station is Ramanathapuram (45 Km.). The nearest Air port is in Madurai.

Accommodation:The boarding and lodging facilities are available at Sayalkudi (12 Km.), Ramanathapuram (45 Km.) and Paramakudi (52 Km.).


Contact:Wild life warden. Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, Mandapam, Ramanathapuram.

Mudumalai National Park

Mudumalai National Park

Location: Udhagamandalam District

Area:321 Sq. KM

Uniqueness:The 321 sq. km. reserve, one of the most picturesque destinations provides diverse habitats like hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps. The vegetation comprises of moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and scrub forests which make Mudumalai a most attractive wildlife reserve. Apart from rich fauna, the wide range of animal and bird life has made this sanctuary a hot spot for the wildlife enthusiasts. The temperatures vary between 10 degrees in the winter months to 35 degrees in the summers.

Flora:Tropical moist-deciduous vegetation towards the western parts of the sanctuary gives way to dry-deciduous and thorn-scrub along the east. It is varied with tall grasses called ?Elephant grass?, Bamboo, valuable timber like Teak, Rosewood, Mathi, Vengai, Venteak and fine flowering trees and shrubs like Indian laburnum, Flame of the forest and Coral trees. Riverine patches and swamps add to diversity. Among the fruit bearers are jamun, nelli, jujuba and varieties of wild Figs.

Fauna:It is an exciting place to see Elephant, Gaur, Chowsingha, Mouse deer and Sloth bear. The animals include, Tiger, Panther, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Blackbuck, Common Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Four-horned Antelope (Chowsingha), Wild Dog, Jackal, Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Leopard Cat Striped Hyena, Leopard-cat, Small Indian Civet, Striped-necked Mongoose, Ruddy Mongoose, Sloth Bear, Indian Giant Squirrel,, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Striped Hyena, Slender Lories, etc.. Tigers are largely elusive but leopards or a pack of Wild Dog, on the move are frequently seen.





Mukurthi National Park

Mukurthi National Park

Location: Nilgiris District

Area:78.46 sq.km

Uniqueness:The Mukurthi National Park is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu, the south eastern corner of the Nilgiris Plateau. Spread over 78.46 km, this represents one of the very few areas which support a viable population of the Nilgiri Tahr. A fascinating feature of the Mukkurthi National Park is its endemism and relationship with the Himalayan flora and fauna.

Flora:The natural vegetation consists of vast stretches of grasslands interspersed with numerous isolated, compact sharply defined and small woodland “Shoals”. Only two storeys of tree layers are seen. Lianas are quite common, Epiphytes are abundant and consists mostly of lichens, ferns, bryophytes and various orchids. Several plants native to Nilgiris plateau have their nearest relatives in the Himalayas.

Fauna:The pride of Mukurthi Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu is its significant population of Nilgiri Thar. Apart from that, one can also see Nilgiri Marten, Otter, Barking Deer, Sambar, Jungle Cat, Jackals, etc.

Accessibility:By Air: Coimbatore airport, 140 km away, falls the nearest to Mukurthi. By Rail: The nearest railway station is that of Udhagamandalam. By Road: Regular buses as well as taxis are easily available to and from Coimbatore.

Accommodation:Forest Rest Houses:Bangi Tapal, Upper Bhavani(EB), Mukurthi Fishing Hut

Season:February to May and September to November

Contact:Wildlife Warden. Mudumalai and Mukurthi National Parks and Sanctuary, Mount Stuart Hill, Ooty – 643001. The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India.

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Nagapattinam district

Area:17.26 sq KM

Uniqueness:Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary was created in 1967 for conservation of Blackbuck, an endangered and endemic species of India. The sanctuary is located in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu. This vast swampy tract of Point Calimere is the scene of one of India’s greatest avian spectacles.

Flora:The unique Tropical Dry Evergreen forest of the sanctuary houses more than 150 species of medicinal plants. Manikara hexandra, locally called Palai, is an important species of the sanctuary

Fauna:Blackbuck, locally called Velimann, is the key species of the sanctuary. They are mostly seen grazing in the open grassland area. Other important animals of the sanctuary include Spotted deer, Jackal, Civet, Wild boar, Jungle Cat, Bonnet Macaque, Blacknaped Hare and the Common Indian Mongoose. A notable feature of the sanctuary is the presence of feral horses.Accessibility:It can be approached from Nagapattinam (60 KM) and Thanjavur (110 KM) by road. Chennai 360 KM by road.

Accommodation:Flamingo House ( Poonarai illam), a Forest Rest House is available at Kodikkarai

Season:November to April

Contact:Wildlife Warden, Point Calimere WLS, Collectorate, Nagapattinam 611 002, District Nagapattinam.

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