Bihar

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary: National Park

Location: Munger District

Area:682 sq km

Uniqueness:Close to Bhagalpur, the Bhimbandh Sanctuary (682sq km) is yet another home to a variety of wildlife. Besides tigers, panthers, wild boars, sambars, chitals and nilgais, the forests here are famous for hot water springs said to contain traces of radioactive matter.

Flora:Lying in the famous Kharagpur range, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary boasts of a very rich and varied fauna. In fact, the flora here is quite distinctive when compared with the other sanctuaries in Bihar. As you move across the sanctuary, you will find the vegetation comprising of Sal, Kend, Semal and creepers belonging to different classifications.

Fauna:The main animals found at Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary are tigers, panthers, wild boars, sloth bear, sambar deer, chitals, four-horned anteope and nilgais. However, the sanctuary is more famous for its bird life rather than the land animals. It is home to more than 100 species of resident birds, which stay here all year around. The number increases in the migratory season i.e. during the winters, when there is an influx of birds from the Central Asia region.

Accessibility:The sanctuary is 65 km south of Munger. The nearest airport is at Patna. Bhagalpur Junction Railway Station is the nearest railhead. It is situated about 10 km off the Munger-Jamui state highway.

Accommodation:There are two fully furnished forest rest houses at Bhimbandh.

Season:November to April

Contact:N/A

Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary

Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Hazaribagh District

Area:184 sq.km

Uniqueness:Nestling in low hilly terrain, at an average altitude of 615 meters in the Indian state of Bihar, the Hazaribagh National Park has an abundance of wild animals like the wild boar, sambar, nilgai, chital, sloth bear, tiger and panther.

Flora:N/A

Fauna:The Hazaribagh National Park has abundant wild animals like the Chital, Nilgai, Panther, Sambar, Sloth Bear, Tiger and Wild Boar. The Cheetal, Kakar, Nilgai, Sambar and Wild Boar are among the most easily and often spotted animals particularly near the waterholes at the time of the dusk. The population of the tigers is very less.

Accessibility:The nearest airport to the Hazaribagh National Park is at Ranchi, which 91 km away from the park. The airport is connected well through the air route with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines flights. The nearest railway station to the Hazaribagh National Park is at Koderma, which is 59 km away.

Accommodation:The accommodation facility is available within the park. There is a small tourist lodge with four single rooms at the park along with a small canteen next to it. A short distance away from this lodge is a Forest Rest house, which has a complete suite. Further away, towards the edge of a clearing are four cottages.

Season:October-March

Contact:Tourist Information Centre, Government of Bihar, Hazaribagh

Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary

Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Nalanda District

Area:36sq km

Uniqueness:The Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary is dowered with the auspicious presence of the petite hammocks that roots back to the illustrious era of the Buddhists and Jains on its periphery. The climate that dominates at the Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary of Bihar falls a bit on the wetter and damper side as torrential showers constitute an integral part of the daily schedule of the park.

Flora:N/A

Fauna:This wildlife sanctuary in Bihar has tigers, barking deer, leopard, nilgais and hyenas in abundance.

Accessibility:The closest airport is Patna Airport and Rajgir Railway Station serves as the nearest railhead.

Accommodation:N/A

Season:October to June

Contact:N/A

Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Location: West Champaran district

Area:840.26 sq. km

Uniqueness:The Valmiki tract is broken and undulating often showing highly fragile geological formations. As a result, there are steep ravines, knife-edge ridges and precipitous walls formed by land slips and soil erosion. The great Gandak and the Masan rivers collect all the water from the numerous, tortuous tributaries. These rivers and streams keep changing course from side to side, facilitated by the erosion prone sandy and immature soil of the banks. Seasonal rivers like Panchanad, Manor, Bhapsa and Kapan display peculiar behaviour of erosion at one place and deposition of transported soil at another place.

Flora:Sal (Shorea robusta), Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane(Calamus tenuis), Jamun, Siccharrum, Mahulan, Piper, Lagun (Peepar)

Fauna:Tiger, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Chital, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Langur, Rhesus Monkey.

Accessibility:Valmikinagar can be reached via Bettiah, with Patna as the nearest airport (105km). The best time to visit Valmikinagar is between October and June. A number of rest houses manned by the Irrigation Department are usually available.

Accommodation:There are a number of rest houses of the Irrigation Department available for stay.

Season:Between October and June

Contact:Field Director, Valmiki Tiger Reserves, Champaran Forest Circle P.O. Betiah. District-West Chaparan, Bihar

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