Bhitarkanika National park

Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Kendrapara district

Area:672 sq.kms

Uniqueness:Bhitarkanika National Park has the largest number of salt water crocodiles in India. It is the second largest viable Mangrove Eco-System in India Harbours more than 70 species of Mangrove and its associates.

Flora:Marine vegetation is the highlight of Bhitar Kanika, which abounds in littoral swamp forests. The rich biodiversity of Bhitar Kanika supports mangroves, trees like sundari, thespia, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush.

Fauna:Rare species of fauna abound in the Bhitar Kanika National Park. The park can be primarily visited for its marine wildlife including birds, estuarine crocodiles, and sea turtles. As the park is situated along the Gahiramatha coast, thousands of marine species come here to lay eggs during the nights in winters. Major attractions here are olive ridley turtles, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, and chitals. Another attraction here are crocodiles and a saltwater crocodile-breeding centre has been established by the Orissa Government.

Accessibility:Nearest Air Port : Bhubaneswar. Nearest Railway Station : Cuttack / Bhadrak. Bhubaneswar to Rajnagar – 130 Kms. Cuttack to Rajnagar – 110 Kms. Bhadrak to Chandbali – 55 Kms

Accommodation:Reservations and accommodations at Bani Bhawan, Dear Dormitory, Round KB, Hental House, New cottage at Dangmal can availed by obtaining reservation from SAND PEBBLES TOUR n TRAVELS Bhubaneswar,

Season:March to July, September – November

Contact:Divisional Forest Officer, Mangroves – Cum-Wildlife Warden, Bhitarkanika National Park, Rajnagar Kendrapada, Orissa (India)

Nandan Kanan National Park

Nandan Kanan National Park

Location: Bhubaneshwar

Area:4.37 sq km

Uniqueness:Being the very first captive gharial breeding centre of the country, this picturesque park offers a unique opportunity to its flora and fauna to flourish in their most natural habitat. An interesting history is associated with the park. Once a white female tiger passed by the zoo, saw a tiger enclosure, and stayed there. This was a rare occurring as no wild animal wants to stay in captivity. Thus, the National Geographic magazine gave an idea of converting the zoo into a sophisticated tiger reserve. The park thus came into existence and houses over 34 white tigers at present.

Flora:The park is situated in the Chandaka forests. The lush green zoological park is spread in about 4 sq.km. of area, while the wildlife sanctuary is spread in around 5 sq.km.

Fauna:Apart from the beautiful White Tigers, one can also find other wild animals in the Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary. These include Asiatic Lion, Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Indian Pangolin and Mouse Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Rhesus Macaque, Black Buck, etc.

Accessibility:The sanctuary can be approached by bus from Bhubaneshwar.

Accommodation:One can stay in Bhubaneswar, which has a large range of luxury and budget hotels. Government owned hotels, yatri-nivas, guest houses, lodges give the visitor a lot of options to choose a place for stay.

Season:October to March

Contact:N/A

Similipal Tiger Reserve

Similipal Tiger Reserve

Location: Baripada District

Area:2750 sq. km

Uniqueness:The hills with numerous peaks and valleys in between, rise steeply from the plains of Udala in the south and Baripada in the south-east and extend up to Jashipur in the north-west, Bisnoi in the north and Thakurmunda to the west. There are several streams flowing in all directions and ultimately draining into the Bay of Bengal.

Flora:Shorea robusta, Terminalia sp., Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Scheleichera oleosa, Adina cordifolia, Toona ciliata (rare), Michelia champaca, Mangifera indica, Bombax ceiba, Careya arborea, Dillenia pentagyna, Gmelina arborea, Garuga pinnata, almnea coromandelica, Syzygium cumini, Sterculia urens, Boswellia serrata, Dalbergia latifolia, Cleistanthus collinus, Gardenia gummifera, G. latifolia, G. turgide, Erythrina suberosa, Cochlospermum gossypium, Helicteres isora, Nyctanthes arbotristis. Orchids commonly seen belong to the genera Acampe, Bulbophylum, Cymbidium, Liapris and Vanda. Common grasses are Imperata cylidrica, Themeda gigiantia and Saccharum spontaneum

Fauna:Tiger including melanistic forms, Leopard, Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer , Bison, Jungle cat , Wild boar, Giant Squirrel and Common langur

Accessibility:Reaching Simlipal National Park is very easy. There are three major airports and rail junctions in the vicinity. These include Jamshedpur (140 km), Bhubaneswar (320 km) and Calcutta (240 km). Road network and highway links in the area are quite efficient.

Accommodation:Accommodation is available in the form of forest reserve bungalows in the Simlipal Hills. These bungalows have catering facilities as well. Solar-powered stone lodges at Baripada offer reasonably priced accommodation.

Season:November to June

Contact:Field Director Similipal Tiger Reserves, Baripada Orissa -757002

Simplipal Tiger Reserve

Simplipal Tiger Reserve

Location: Baripada District

Area:2750 sq. km.

Uniqueness:The hills with numerous peaks and valleys in between, rise steeply from the plains of Udala in the south and Baripada in the south-east and extend up to Jashipur in the north-west, Bisnoi in the north and Thakurmunda to the west. There are several streams flowing in all directions and ultimately draining into the Bay of Bengal.

Flora:Shorea robusta, Terminalia sp., Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Scheleichera oleosa, Adina cordifolia, Toona ciliata (rare), Michelia champaca, Mangifera indica, Bombax ceiba, Careya arborea, Dillenia pentagyna, Gmelina arborea, Garuga pinnata, almnea coromandelica, Syzygium cumini, Sterculia urens, Boswellia serrata, Dalbergia latifolia, Cleistanthus collinus, Gardenia gummifera, G. latifolia, G. turgide, Erythrina suberosa, Cochlospermum gossypium, Helicteres isora, Nyctanthes arbotristis. Orchids commonly seen belong to the genera Acampe, Bulbophylum, Cymbidium, Liapris and Vanda. Common grasses are Imperata cylidrica, Themeda gigiantia and Saccharum spontaneum

Fauna:Tiger including melanistic forms, Leopard, Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Bison, Jungle cat, Wild boar, Giant Squirrel and Common langur

Accessibility:Reaching Simlipal National Park is very easy. There are three major airports and rail junctions in the vicinity. These include Jamshedpur (140 km), Bhubaneswar (320 km) and Calcutta (240 km). Road network and highway links in the area are quite efficient.

Accommodation:Accommodation is available in the form of forest reserve bungalows in the Simlipal Hills. These bungalows have catering facilities as well. Solar-powered stone lodges at Baripada offer reasonably priced accommodation.

Season:October to May

Contact:Field Director. Similipal Tiger Reserves, Baripada. Orissa -757002

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