Anerdam Wildlife Sanctuary

Amaravathy Crocodile Farm

Amaravathy Crocodile Farm

Location: One Km. before Amaravathy dam site

Area:N/A

Uniqueness:The largest Crocodile nursery in India. Crocodiles once abundant in Amaravathy, Periyar and Chinnar and most of other perennial river have been threatened to near extinction. Hence the project of captive breeding of this crocodiles came into existing at Amaravathy. The object of captive breeding of crocodile at Amaravathy as in other Crocodile Centre in Tamilnadu is to collect Crocodile eggs from the wild clutch and rear it in captivity and release the young crocodile in the wild to restore its status. The project started in 1976 has reared crocodile successfully under captivity

Flora:Currently, only 98 crocodiles (male 25 +female 73) only available.

Fauna:N/A

Accessibility:From Coimbatore. By road ? via Pollachi, Udumalpet, Amaravathy nagar – 96 kms

Accommodation:One Forest Rest House with two suites to accommodate four persons is available near the Crocodile farm.The rent for the same is Rs.150 for two persons per day per suite.

Season:N/A

Contact:Forest Range Officer. Amaravathy Range, Amaravathy Nagar

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Location: Ramanathapuram district

Area:47.63 ha

Uniqueness:The sanctuary area is within the community tank embankments and its immediate water holding channel, measuring approximately 15 meters from the bottom of the embankment. Most notable feature of the sanctuary is the prominent growth of Babul (Acacia nilotica) trees.

Flora:It is dominated by Babul (Acacia nilotica) along with Prosopis Juliflora and grasses such as Cynodon dactylon and Eremopogan faveolatus. The tank bund and the area outside the tank are having Tamarindus indica, Ficus Spp, Neem (Azadirachta indica), Thespesia Populnea, Albizzia amara, Moringa oleifera and Palmyra (Borassus flabellifer).

Fauna:The sanctuary offers ideal habitat for winter migratory birds with considerable diversity in nesting and feeding behaviours. It is one of the preferred nesting sites for heronry species and colonial birds migrating to South India . The feathered visitors flock the sanctuary from October to February. The wetland is irregular in depth and retains water for 3 to 5 months if rain is normal. Breeding population consists of Spot billed Pelican, Open billed stork, Liitle egret, Large egret, Grey hreon, Purple heron, Pond heron .

Accessibility:120 kms from Madurai, 45 kms from Ramanathapuram, 12 kms from Sayakudi town. Railway: Ramanathapuram 45 kms. Airport: Madurai 130 kms

Accommodation:Accommodation is available at PWD Rest House at Mudukulathur 10 kilometers (6 mi), the Forest Rest House at Sayalgudi and at Paramakudi

Season:Throughout the year

Contact:Wild life warden, Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, Mandapam, Ramanathapuram

Guindy National Park

Guindy National Park

Location: Guindy District

Area:2.70 sq.KM

Uniqueness:It has the rarest vegetation type ? the tropical dry evergreen vegetation. It is one of the smallest national parks and is situated right in the heart of a metropolitan city – Chennai. But perhaps the best of all is that it has a role in both ex-situ and in-situ conservation.

Flora:The park boasts of over 350 species of plants, and form a natural destination for botanists.

Fauna:Guindy National Park is home to 400 black bucks, 2000 spotted deer, 24 jackals, a variety of snakes, geckos, a wide variety of snakes tortoises, geckos and over 100 species of birds, over 60 species of butterflies and spiders each, a wealth of different invertebrates-grasshoppers, ants, termites, carbs, snails, slugs, scorpions, mites, spiders, earthworms, millipedes, etc.,

Accessibility:Nearest railway station is Chennai (12 KM), Nearest airport is Chennai(Meenambakkam) (16 KM)
Accommodation:N/A

Season:Open throughout the year

Contact:Nearest airport is Chennai(Meenambakkam) (16 KM)

Gulf Of Mannar Marine National Park

Gulf Of Mannar Marine National Park

Location: Ramanathapuram District

Area:560 sq.KM

Uniqueness:It is one of the world?s richest regions from marine bio diversity perspective and the first marine Biosphere Reserve in Southeast Asia. The Biosphere Reserve comprises 21 islands with estuaries, mudflats, beaches, forests of the near shore environment, including marine components like algal communities, sea grasses, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangroves.

Flora:Major ecosystem types available are Coral reefs, mudflats, beach, island, shallow water, and mangrove . Sea grass beds dominated by family like Hydrocharitaceae and Potamogetonaceae and species Halodule uninervis, Cymodocea rotunds, C.Serulata ; Coral reefs; mangroves including Rhizophora muctonata, Avicennia alba, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Lumnitzera racemosa are also common in the stretch. The area has all the mangrove species available in India with Pemphis acidula being endemic and all the 11 sea-grasses of india occur here with Enhalus acoroides being endemic . The area supports 147 species of sea-weeds.

Fauna:The islands form a good habitat and a stop over between Chilka lake, Point Calimore and Sri lanka for migratary birds. Nearly 180 birds are found here warders and sea-birds being most common. Lesser sand piper, Curlew sandpiper, Little stint are abundent; Rare birds like Red knot, Eastern knot, Crab plovers Bar tailed Godwit, Broad billed Sandpiper, Dunlin, Longtoed stint, Rednecked phalarope are regulars here. Little tern, Kentish plover, Stone plover, Stone curlew, Lesser crested sterna breed here. Thousands of larger flamingos winter here before returning towards Rann of Kuch.

Accessibility:Bus: Manadapam is 150 KM from Madurai Rail: Mandapam-Ramanathapram,Tuticorin Air: Madurai

Accommodation:Many premium and budget hotels are available in and around Rameswaram (5 km) and Ramanathapuram (40km).

Season:October to March

Contact:The Wildlife Warden, Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, Mandapam,Ramanathapuram

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Coimbatore district.

Area:958 sq.KM

Uniqueness:The Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, the largest and well preserved sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, lies in the Western Ghats south of the Palghat Gap, better known as Anaimalais (Mountain of Elephants)

Flora:: The floral diversity has been estimated to be over 2000 species, of which about 400 species are of medicinal importance. The Karian Shola NP has been identified and designated as a Medicinal Plant Conservation Area (MPCA) due to its medicinal plant diversity. Apart from its rich tree diversity, over 100 species of orchids, a wide variety of ferns, grasses, palms and canes abode here.

Fauna:This sanctuary nurtures Arboreal animals like lion tailed macaque, bonnet macaque, Common Langur, Nilgiris Langur, Malabar Giant squirrel and Grizzled giant Squirrel. The ground animals listed are: Tiger, Panther, Elephant, Gaur, Pangolin, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Wild Boar, Dhole, Sloth Bear, Porcupine, Nilgiris Tahr, Civet Cat and Toddy Cat. The Avifauna includes Racket Tailed Drongo, Black Headed Oriole, Paradise Flycatcher, Whistling Thrust, Emerald Dove, Green Pigeon, Tickell’s Flower Pecker, Rufus Wood Pecker, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Black Eagle, Great Indian Malabar pied Horn Bill, Fiary Blue Bird and green Billed Malkhoha etc

Accessibility:Bus services is available frequently from Pollachi to Topslip 35Km. Nearest Railway Station is in Pollachi ? 35 kms away. Nearest Airport is Coimbatore ? 87 kms.away.

Accommodation:Comfortable accommodation is available at Topslip on prior booking at the reception center in the office of the Wildlife Warden, Pollachi. There are cottages and group accommodation facilities available at Topslip to suit different budgets. Catering facility is available at Topslip.Bookings are done at Office of the Wildlife Warden, Pollachi.

Season:December to April

Contact:The Wildlife Warden, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park, 176, Meenkarai Road,Pollachi, Coimbatore 642001,Tamil Nadu.

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Location: Tirunelveli District

Area:895 sq. km

Uniqueness:This is the only area of Western Ghats which has longest raining period of about 8 months,and it is the only non-dipterocarp evergreen forest in the region.It is floristically very different from other sites.

Flora:Hopea parviflora, Hopea utilis, Calophylum elatum, Cullenia resaraona, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium sp., Cinnamum zeylancium, Macaranga roxburghii, Mesua ferrea, Gluta travancorica, Canarium strictum, Vateria malabaraica, Myristica species, Vitex altimassima, Dysoxylim malabrium, Anacolosa densiflora, Cullenia exasillata, Cullenia exelsa, Elaeodendron glacum, Eleogarpus tuberculatus, Alstonia scholaris, Mangifera indica, Decussocarpus Wallichianus, Podocarpus latifolia, Eugenia species, Garcinia cambogia, Xanthophyllum flavescens, Felicium decipiens, Mallotus philippensis, Litsea species, Dalbergia latifolia, Kingiodendron pinnatum, Wrightia tinctoria, chloroxylon swietenia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Dalbergia paniculata, Albizia lebeck, Tectona grandis, Ficus spp., Phyllanthus emblica, Hardwickia binata, Terminalia spp.

Fauna:Mammals: Tiger, Elephant, Gaur, Mouse deer, Leopard, Rusty spotted cat, Brown palm civet, Leopard, Sambhar, Spotted deer, Malabar giant squirrel, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Slender Loris, Lion tailed Macaque, Sloth Bear, Brown mongoose, Nilgiri Martin, Indian pangolin.
Birds : Ceylon mouth frog, Grey headed bulbul, Great Pied hornbill, Great Indian Hornbill, Malabar Grey hornbill, Oriental bay owl, Broad tailed Grass warbler.
Reptiles: King Cobra, Python, Monitor Lizard, Flying Lizard, Pit viper etc.

Accessibility:Mundanthurai lies in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, 45 km from Tirunelveli town, the nearest railhead. The nearest airport is at Thiruvananthapuram (160 km). Madurai, 200 kni away, also has an airport. There are regular buses from Papanasam (10 km) to Nagercoil which is a three hour journey. Nagercoil is well connected by bus to most cities in South India.

Accommodation:The only accommodation is provided by the Forest Bungalow against prior reservation. It has two suites and one side-room, and one suite is always kept aside for visiting forest officials on duty. The rates are nominal: Rs 100 per person per day and Rs 50 for every additional occupant

Season:September to March

Contact:Kalakad- Mundanthurai Tiger Reserves, NGO A Colony Trinelveli. Tamil Nadu.

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Location: Ramanathapuram District

Area:66.66 ha

Uniqueness:Kanjirankulam The sanctuary area is within the community tank embankments and its immediate water holding channel, measuring approximately 15 meters from the bottom of the embankment. Most notable feature of the sanctuary area is the prominent growth of Babul (Acacia nilotica) trees

Flora:The sanctuary vegetation can be classified generally as that of Tropical Dry Deciduous type. It is dominated by Babul (Acacia nilotica) along with Prosopis juliflora and grasses such as Cynodon dactylon and Eremopogan faveolatus. Prosopis is slowly encroaching large extent of the sanctuary area and is retarding the growth of Babuls. The tank bund and the area outside the tank are having Tamarindus indica, Ficus Spp., Neem, (Azadirachta indica), Thespesia Populnea, Albizzia amara, Moringa oleifera and Palmyra (Borassus flabellifer).

Fauna:The sanctuary offers ideal habitat for winter migratory birds with considerable diversity in nesting and feeding behaviours. It is one of the preferred nesting sites for heronry species a colonial bird migrating to South India. The feathered visitors flock the sanctuary from October to February. The wetland is irregular in depth and retains water for 3 to 5 months if rain is normal. The bird sanctuaries receive nearly 170 species of birds. Breeding population consists of Painted stork, White Ibis, Black ibis, Little egret, Large egret

Accessibility:Bus: Mudukalathur -8 kms, Madurai 117 kms. Railway : Paramakudi 15 kms/ Airport: Madurai

Accommodation:PWD Rest House at Mudukalathur ? 7 KM/ Forest Rest House at Sayalgudi ? 30 KM. Paramakudi

Season:Wildlife warden. Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve. Mandapam, Ramanathapuram.Contact:04567-230079

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